J Complement Integr Med. 2022 Feb 17. doi: 10.1515/jcim-2021-0525. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this literature review is to describe the role of acupuncture for myofascial pain syndrome in interventional pain management.
CONTENT: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) can be found at all ages. Approximately 30.0-93.0% of patients with musculoskeletal pain have MPS. Unsuccessful treatment can lead to dysfunction, disability, and a cost burden. We conducted a search of studies published in Google Scholar and PubMed databases from 2016 to 2021.
SUMMARY: Acupuncture, combined with other therapies, is effective in reducing pain and improving physical function. Acupuncture can enhance endogenous opioids such as endorphins to relieve pain and enhance the healing process.
OUTLOOK: Acupuncture could be considered as one of nonpharmacological options in Interventional Pain Management for MPS. Interventions with acupuncture are safe and have minimal side effects when performed by a trained and competent practitioner.