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Does Dry Needling Increase the Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin Injection in the Management of Post-Stroke Spasticity: A Randomized Controlled Study

Noro Psikiyatr Ars. 2021 May 18;59(2):110-115. doi: 10.29399/npa.27733. eCollection 2022.


INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the antispastic efficacy of dry needling in combination with botulinum toxin-A injections.

METHODS: Thirty stroke patients with elbow flexor spasticity were randomised into two groups; the patients treated with botulinum toxin-A injections and exercise into the BTX-A group, and patients treated with botulinum toxin-A injections, exercise, and dry needling in the BTX-A+Dry needling group. Spasticity was evaluated using the modified Ashworth scale and modified Tardieu scale before treatment, immediately after treatment, the third day after treatment, second week after treatment and at the third month after treatment. The upper extremity motor function was evaluated using the Fugl-Meyer upper extremity motor function scale.

RESULTS: A statistically significant difference in all parameters was found after treatment in both groups compared to before treatment (p<0.05). In all evaluation parameters immediately after treatment, on the third day after treatment, the second week after treatment and the third month after treatment, a statistically significant difference in favour of the BTX-A+Dry needling group was achieved compared to before treatment (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION: Dry needling combined with botulinum toxin-A injections performed over a total of four sessions with three-day intervals, contribute to the antispastic effect. Also combined therapy is more effective and provides longer-lasting results.

PMID:35685052 | PMC:PMC9142021 | DOI:10.29399/npa.27733


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