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Effects of dry needling intervention on lower limb dysfunction after stroke: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

BMJ Open. 2022 Oct 26;12(10):e062494. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-062494.


INTRODUCTION: Lower limb dysfunction is among the common sequelae of patients who had a poststroke and often results in the reduction of the quality of life. This study aims to assess the short and interim-term efficacy of dry needling (DN) intervention on lower extremity function, balance and gait in lower limb dysfunction after stroke.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol entails an assessor and statistician-blinded, single-centre study with a randomised controlled trial. Forty-four patients who had a poststroke will be randomly allocated (1:1) to either the conventional treatment group (n=22) or the DN group (n=22). The conventional treatment group will receive conventional rehabilitation treatment once a day for 40 min each time. The treatment will be performed five times a week for 2 weeks. In the DN group, participants will be treated with DN on the basis of the conventional treatment. The intervention will be performed thrice a week for 2 weeks. The primary outcome that determines the efficacy of lower limb dysfunction will be the change in the Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Lower Extremity scale. The secondary indicators include the range of motion of knee and ankle joints, limits of stability, modified Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction on Balance, Timed Up and Go test, Modified Ashworth Scale and Barthel Index. Results will be evaluated at baseline, at 24 hours after intervention, at 2 weeks after intervention and at 3-month follow-up. Data will be released after the completion of the study. Adverse events will be reported.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The experiment was approved by the Ethical Committee of Shanghai Tong Ren Hospital in October 2021 (approval number: 202105702). The results of this study will be published in peer-reviewed journals.


PMID:36288843 | DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2022-062494


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