J Phys Ther Sci. 2021 Jul;33(7):505-510. doi: 10.1589/jpts.33.505. Epub 2021 Jul 1.
ABSTRACT[Purpose] The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of dry needling (DN) in the treatment of spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). [Participants and Methods] Twelve participants (3 males and 9 females) with MS, with no evidence of a relapse in the last four weeks and with an EDSS (Expanded Disability Status Scale) greater than 2.5 points (related with pyramidal score) were recruited. DN was performed in lower limbs for 12 consecutive sessions and evaluated with: PSFS (Penn Spasm Frequency Scale), VAS (visual analogical scale) of spasticity, EDSS (Pyramidal item), Time up and go (TUG), 25 foot, 9hold peg test (9HPT) and the improvement or not in the quality of life (MSQol54) was verified before and after treatment. A follow up visit was carried out to assess improvement. [Results] All patients improved in: VAS scale, EDSS score, quality of life, 9HPT, 25 foot test and TUG and 90% of them showed a decrease in the number of spasms/hour (PSFS). [Conclusion] Dry needling produces positive changes in spasticity in patients with MS and their quality of life, as well as walking capacity and manual dexterity. Therefore, DN should be considered in the treatment of spasticity in patients with MS.