Conservative Management for Stable High Ankle Injuries in Professional Football Players.
Sports Health. 2017 Jul 01;:1941738117720639
Authors: Knapik DM, Trem A, Sheehan J, Salata MJ, Voos JE
CONTEXT: High ankle “syndesmosis” injuries are common in American football players relative to the general population. At the professional level, syndesmotic sprains represent a challenging and unique injury lacking a standardized rehabilitation protocol during conservative management.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed, Biosis Preview, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, and EMBASE databases were searched using the terms syndesmotic injuries, American football, conservative management, and rehabilitation.
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3.
RESULTS: When compared with lateral ankle sprains, syndesmosis injuries result in significantly prolonged recovery times and games lost. For stable syndesmotic injuries, conservative management features a brief period of immobilization and protected weightbearing followed by progressive strengthening exercises and running, and athletes can expect to return to competition in 2 to 6 weeks. Further research investigating the efficacy of dry needling and blood flow restriction therapy is necessary to evaluate the benefit of these techniques in the rehabilitation process.
CONCLUSION: Successful conservative management of stable syndesmotic injuries in professional American football athletes requires a thorough understanding of the anatomy, injury mechanisms, diagnosis, and rehabilitation strategies utilized in elite athletes.
PMID: 28759316 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]