Non-pharmacological treatment of chronic neck-shoulder myofascial pain in patients with forward head posture.

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Non-pharmacological treatment of chronic neck-shoulder myofascial pain in patients with forward head posture.

Wiad Lek. 2019;72(1):84-88

Authors: Iaroshevskyi OA, Morozova OG, Logvinenko AV, Lypynska YV

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Today, chronic pain remains a pressing medical and socio-economic problem, despite the rapid development of medical technologies, the presence of a vast arsenal of drug and non-drug treatments. Estimates for chronic pain prevalence ranged from 8% to 60%. At the same time, about 40% of patients report insufficient effectiveness in the treatment of chronic pain syndrome. The aim of the study was to compare the effectiveness of MTrPS management by biomechanical correction of the musculoskeletal system combined with therapeutic exercises, DN and TrPs-pressure release with the effectiveness of MTrPS management by therapeutic exercises combined with DN and TrPs-pressure release in patients with chronic neck-shoulder myofascial pain and FHP.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: 87 patients (mean age – 39±4,9 years) with chronic neck-shoulder myofascial pain and FHP were randomly assigned to 2 treatment groups. Group 1 received a biomechanical correction, DN, TrPs-pressure release. Group 2 – therapeutic exercises, DN, TrPs-pressure release. Study protocol included CVA-measurement, assessment of pain intensity with VAS, assessment of QoL using MOS SF-36.
RESULTS: Results: increase of CVA (59,07°±1,41 in the 1st group, and 51,2°±2,01 in the 2nd group (p=0,036)), decrease of pain and decrease of influence of neck pain in performance of everyday activities, the improvement of QoL immediately after treatment occurred in both groups. However, after 3 months of therapy, 1-st group revealed more improvement than the 2-nd.
CONCLUSION: Conclusion: Comparison of the effectiveness of MTrPS management by biomechanical correction of the musculoskeletal system combined with therapeutic exercises, DN and TrPs-pressure release with the effectiveness of MTrPS management by therapeutic exercises combined with DN and TrPs-pressure release in patients with chronic neck-shoulder myofascial pain and FHP demonstrated no significant differences between the therapeutic approaches in the short term. In the medium term, the inclusion of biomechanical correction in the treatment protocol demonstrated higher efficiency compared with the combination of therapeutic exercises, DN and TrPs-pressure release.

PMID: 30796868 [PubMed – in process]

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