Effects of the Numbers and the Shapes of Venting Slits on Intraocular Pressure after Baerveldt Glaucoma Drainage Implant.

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Effects of the Numbers and the Shapes of Venting Slits on Intraocular Pressure after Baerveldt Glaucoma Drainage Implant.

Curr Eye Res. 2019 08;44(8):921-924

Authors: Honda R, Kasuga T, Murakami A, Matsuda A

Abstract
Purpose: Venting slits are widely used as an effective method to avoid the high intraocular pressure (IOP) phase immediately after the implantation of non-valved glaucoma drainage devices. However, there have been no detailed reports comparing the types of needles used and the numbers of slits made. In this study we investigated the effects of different needle types and the number of venting slits. Methods: IOP was measured using a Keyence NR-600 transducer connected to the limbus of a pig eye with a 27G needle. A microsyringe pump was also connected to the corneal limbus using a 27 G needle to make a continuous perfusion system at the rate of 200 μl/hr. The silicone tube of a Baerveldt glaucoma drainage implant (BG101-350) was ligated near the plate and then implanted in the anterior chamber of the pig eye. The tube was covered with scleral tissue of another pig eye after 1 or 3 venting slits were created in the middle of the outer diameter using different types of needles (7-0 Vicryl®, 7-0 PDSⅡ®, 5-0 PDSⅡ®, 3-0 PDS Plus®). IOP measurement was started from 50 mmHg and then we monitored the chronological changes of IOP for 15 minutes. Results: The IOPs at 15 minutes after continuous perfusion with the venting slits made using 7-0 Vicryl needles were 29.0 ± 2.5 mmHg (1 slit) and 23.1 ± 8.3 mmHg (3 slits). The IOPs were 23.1 ± 3.1 mmHg and 23.5 ± 4.7 mmHg with 7-0 PDS needles (1 slit and 3 slits, respectively), 21.8 ± 2.2 mmHg and 20.8 ± 4.3 mmHg with 5-0 PDS needles (1 slit and 3 slits, respectively), and with 3-0 PDS needles they were 12.2 ± 3.0 mmHg for one slit and 13.2 ± 3.5 mmHg for 3 slits. Conclusions: Usage of a round (PDS) needles produces more predictable IOP than a spatulated (Vicryl) needle.

PMID: 30892956 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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