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Comparison of the efficacy of microneedling versus CO<sub>2</sub> fractional laser to treat striae alba: A randomized clinical trial

Dermatol Ther. 2022 Jan;35(1):e15212. doi: 10.1111/dth.15212. Epub 2021 Nov 30.

ABSTRACT

Striae distensae (SD) are common skin conditions that have posed a significant challenge regarding their assessment and treatment. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of microneedling in comparison to fractional CO2 laser therapy. Similar striae were selected and photographed. Each side was randomly assigned to be treated with CO2 fractional laser or microneedling four times at monthly intervals and followed up for 10 months. Outcome measures including the length and width of the largest striae, dermatologist assessed improvement, patients’ satisfaction, and visual analog scale (VAS) were assessed. Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to assess the efficacy of treatments. Forty patients with a mean age of 28.1 years were included. The median cross-section of the largest striae decreased significantly in both groups (P-value <0.001), without statistically significant differences between the two groups before and 6 months after treatment. VAS also improved significantly in both groups, and there were no statistically significant differences between the two treatments in all visits. No clinically significant adverse effects were observed. Fractional CO2 laser and microneedling are both efficient treatments to resolve SD. A new light should be shed on the microneedling modality as it is more economical than the other treatment options.

PMID:34796595 | DOI:10.1111/dth.15212

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