Int J Clin Pract. 2021 Jun 22:e14561. doi: 10.1111/ijcp.14561. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of kinesio tape and dry needling in the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) of the trapezius muscle.
METHODS: The patients with MPS were divided into 3 groups as those who received exercise only (control group), those who received kinesiotaping (KT) and exercise (KT group), and those who received dry needling (DN) and exercise (DN group) by using a sealed opaque envelope randomization method. Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Pressure Pain Threshold (PPT) Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Global Perceived Effect Scale (GPES) were measured twice at baseline and at the end of the second week by blinded evaluator.
RESULTS: A total of 26 patients were assigned to KT group, 32 to DN group, and 30 to control group. The results of the study showed that PPT, VAS, and NDI scores were significantly improved in the KT (1.61±1.25, -2.66±1.24, and -7.08±6.24; respectively) and DN (1.30±1.13, -3.34±1.40, and -10.63±7.80; respectively) groups (p0.05), with a significant decrease in PPT (-0.98±1.92) (p=0.014). KT and DN methods in MPS treatment have more positive effects in terms of pain, disability and global effect compared to the control group.
CONCLUSIONS: In the treatment of MPS, adding DN or KT to exercise program may provide important contributions to the treatment.