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Clinical study of type Ⅲ prostatitis treated with “warming and promoting technique” of acupuncture combined with extracorporeal shock wave

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2022 Apr 25;47(4):343-8. doi: 10.13702/j.1000-0607.20210278.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical curative effect of wentongzhenfa (warming and promoting technique of acupuncture) combined with extracorporeal shock wave in treatment of type Ⅲ prostatitis.

METHODS: A total of 96 patients with type Ⅲ prostatitis were randomly divided into an observation group (48 cases) and a control group (48 cases). In the control group, the extracorporeal shock wave was combined with even-needling technique of acupuncture at Guanyuan (CV4), Mingmen (GV4), Zhongji (CV3), Zusanli (ST36), etc. In the observation group, the extracorporeal shock wave was combined with “warming and promoting technique” of acupuncture at the same acupoints as the control group. The treatment lasted 30 min each time, once daily in either group. There were 2 days of interval after consecutive treatment for 5 days. Totally, the duration of treatment was 1 month in two groups. The clinical curative effect was assessed after treatment. Before and after treatment, the changes in the concentrations of tumor nerosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and IL-6 in prostatic fluid were determined; and the symptoms were scored, i.e. frequent, urgent and burning painful urine, difficulty in urination, dribbling urine, distending pain in perineum, bitter taste and dry mouth, and scrotal dampness. The changes in the scores of National Institute of Health chronic prostatitis symptom index (NIH-CPSI), international index of erectile function (IIEF), visual analogue scale (VAS) were evaluated befroe and after treatment. Successively, before treatment, after treatment, as well as 1 and 3 months after treatment, the quality of life was evaluated by Karnofsky in the patients of two groups.

RESULTS: After treatment, the total effective rate was 89.6% (43/48) in the observation group, higher than 70.8% (34/48) in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with those before treatment, the concentrations of TNF-α and IL-1β in the prostatic fluid were all decreased (P<0.05) and the concentration of IL-6 was increased (P<0.05), the scores of symptoms, NIH-CPSI, IIEF and VAS were all reduced (P<0.05) in two groups. The changes of the above indexes were more obvious in the observation group than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment and 1 and 3 months after treatment, Karnofsky scores all increased (P<0.05) in two groups,and the increases were more significant in the observation group (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION: “Warming and promoting technique” of acupuncture combined with extracorporeal shock wave promotes the elimination of local inflammatory factors, relieves clinical symptoms, improves the quality of life, as well as has a satisfactory short-term and medium-term curative effect on type Ⅲ prostatitis.

PMID:35486014 | DOI:10.13702/j.1000-0607.20210278

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